THE GEORGIAN LANGUAGE

An outline grammatical summary

 

 

PJ Hillery

 

ყოველი საიდუმლოჲ ამას ენასა შინა დამარხულ არს იოანე-ზოსიმე (X ს.)

 

MAIN TOPICS

SECTIONS

Introduction

Introduction

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The Georgian Alphabet

Conventions

The Sounds of Georgian

The Caucasian Languages

Word Formation

The Kartvelian Languages

Nouns

Georgian Dialects

Adjectives

Agglutination

Pronouns

Why Study Georgian

Adverbs

The Georgian Alphabet

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Postpositions

The Mkhedruli Alphabet

Numbers

The Asomtavruli Alphabet

Conjunctions

The Sounds of Georgian

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Particles

The Consonants

Interjections and Endearments

The Vowels

Verbs

Miscellaneous

Verb Classes

Assimilation and Dissimilation

Screeves

Syncope and Vowel Loss

Syntax

Metathesis

Vocabulary

Ablaut

Sample Text

Stress

Appendices

Colloquial Pronunciation

GEORGIAN FONTS

Word Formation

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To view the Georgian text on these pages, it is necessary to use a Unicode-compliant browser and to have a Unicode font installed that includes the Georgian subrange. If your system is configured correctly, a line of Georgian text should be displayed under the author's name above.

Derivation Strategies

Derived Words

Nouns

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Nouns

A self-installing Unicode font suitable for MS Windows operating systems may be downloaded from here. (Save application and double click on icon to install. For non-MS Windows users the font itself may be downloaded from here.)

Noun Cases

Noun Declension

The Georgian content of these pages is not compatible with any non-Unicode Georgian fonts that you may currently use. You may find further information on Unicode support by clicking here.

Adjectives

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Adjectives

Nominalized Adjectives

BASIC INFORMATION

Demonstrative Adjectives

The Georgian Language: Quick Facts (PDF file)

Interrogative Adjectives

The Georgian Alphabet (PDF file)

Indefinite Adjectives

Bibliography

Possessive Adjectives

GEORGIAN PHONETICS

Possessive Adjectives

Georgian Consonants (PDF file)

Interrogative Possessive Adjectives

Georgian Vowels (PDF file)

Negative Possessive Adjectives

Georgian Sound Sample

The Reflexive Possessive Adjective

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS

Comparison of Adjectives

Four Georgian Poems

Pronouns

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The Morphology of the Georgian Aorist (PDF file)

Demonstrative Pronouns

INTERNET RESOURCES

Personal Pronouns

While no specific recommendations can be made concerning internet resources on the Georgian language, some relevant links are given below. It should be noted that owing to the transient nature of this medium not all URLs cited here may currently be valid.

Interrogative Pronouns

Negative Pronouns

Definite Pronouns

Internet editions of various Georgian language newspapers may be found here.

Indefinite Pronouns

Those wishing to listen to spoken Georgian may find the following broadcasters' internet sites useful:

 

Rustavi 2 TV station
Channel 1 TV station
Voice of America radio station
Radio Liberty radio station

 

Reflexive Pronouns

The Reciprocal Pronoun

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive Pronouns

Basic Possessive Pronouns

Interrogative Possessive Pronouns

Online English-Georgian dictionary This dictionary includes a full-text search facility that can assist in Georgian-English translation. This site does not use a Unicode font.

Negative Possessive Pronouns

Definite Possessive Pronouns

Indefinite Possessive Pronouns

 

The Reflexive Possessive Pronoun

 

Relative Pronouns

 

Adverbs

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Adverbs

 

Demonstrative Adverbs

 

Interrogative Adverbs

 

Negative Adverbs

 

Adverbs of Place

 

Adverbs of Time

 

Relative Adverbs

 

Indefinite Adverbs

 

Miscellaneous Adverbs

 

Comparison of Adverbs

 

Postpositions

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Postpositions

 

Postpositions Taking the Dative

 

Postpositions Taking the Genitive

 

Postpositions Taking the Instrumental

 

Postpositions Taking the Adverbial

 

Numbers

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Cardinal Numbers

 

Ordinal Numbers

 

Fractions and Decimals

 

Multiplicatives

 

Telling the Time

 

Conjunctions

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Coordinating Conjunctions

 

Subordinating Conjunctions

 

Particles

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Particles

 

Interjections and Endearments

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Interjections and Endearments

 

Verbs

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Verbs

 

The Screeve System

 

Verb Classes

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Class 1 Verbs

 

Class 2 Verbs

 

Class 3 Verbs

 

Class 4 Verbs

 

Stative Verbs

 

Verb Structure

 

Verb Structure

 

Pronominal Markers

 

Preverbs

 

Pre-Radical Vowels

 

Screeve Markers

 

Stem Augments

 

Passive Infixes

 

Present-Future Stem Formants

 

Case Marking

 

Screeves

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The Present Screeve

 

The Imperfect Screeve

 

The Present Subjunctive Screeve

 

The Future Screeve

 

The Conditional Screeve

 

The Future Subjunctive Screeve

 

The Aorist Screeve

 

The Optative Screeve

 

The Perfect Screeve

 

The Pluperfect Screeve

 

The Perfect Subjunctive Screeve

 

Indirect Object Marking

 

Indirect Object Marking: An Overview note

 

Indirect Object Marking: Transitive Verbs

 

Indirect Object Marking: Intransitive Verbs

 

Tripersonal Verbs

 

Version

 

Non-Finite Verb Forms

 

The Masdar

 

The Active Participle

 

The Future Participle

 

The Perfect Participle

 

The Privative Participle

 

Miscellaneous

 

Ergativity

 

Imperatives

 

The Dative Construction

 

Causative Verbs

 

Irregular Verbs

 

The Copula

 

Basic Verbs of Motion

 

Animate and Inanimate Verbs

 

Singular and Plural Verbs

 

Verbs of Politeness

 

Syntax

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Left Branching

 

Word Order

 

Negation

 

Reported Speech

 

Number Agreement

 

Conditionals

 

Uses of the Subjunctive Screeves

 

Vocabulary

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Borrowings note

 

False Cognates note

 

Word List note

 

Sample Text

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Sample Text note

 

Appendices

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Number and Number Agreement note

FEEDBACK

Deviations from Grammatical Norms note

The author welcomes feedback, and may be contacted at the following address: enq*armazi.com (replace * with @).

Abbreviations

Glossary

 

 

 

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PJ Hillery 1996-2006 Rev. 3.1